Introduction to Sentence Structure
The two fundamental parts of every English sentence are the subject and the predicate. A simple sentence can also be described as a group of words expressing a complete thought. Subjects can be described as the component that performs the action described by the Predicate.Subject + predicate = sentence
A simple sentence or independent clause must have a verb. A verb shows action or state of being. The subject tells who or what about the verb.Subject + verb = sentence
Sentence Structure Vocabulary
The sentence format consists of a subject and a predicate.
The subject names the topic and the predicate tells about the subject.
A sentence with one subject and one predicate is called a simple sentence.
The receiver of actions is called the object.
A group of words used as a single value without subject or predicate is called a phrase.
A clause is a group of words with a subject and predicate.
Principal or independent clauses can form sentences.
A compound sentence contains two or more principal clauses.
A clause which cannot form a sentence is called a dependant clause.
A complex sentence contains a principal clause and one or more dependant or subordinate clauses.
A compound-complex sentence contains two principal clauses and one or more subordinate clauses.