A transitive or sometimes called an action verb passes action on to a direct object.
An intransitive verb does not indicate a transfer of action.
A linking verb joins a subject with a word that describes it.
A main verb indicates the primary or principal activity.
An auxiliary verb helps the main verb describe an action or state of being.
A modal verb indicates ability, obligation, permission, or possibility.
Modal verb examples: can, may, must, should, could, might, ought, would.
A finite verb describes a definite and limited action or condition.
A non-finite verb shows an unfinished action or condition.
A ditransitive verb takes two complements, an indirect object and a direct object.
Monotransitive verbs take one complement, usually a direct object.
An intransitive verb does not have any complements. Examples: Fred cried. Sally slept.
A prepositional verb is a multi-word verb consisting of a verb and preposition.
Phrasal-prepositional verbs are multi-word verbs consisting of a verb, adverb and preposition.
Link to additional intermediate English language Parts of Speech Forms and Functions
Thursday, August 8, 2013
English Language Parts of Speech Forms and Functions