Teaching Canadian Culture: Teacher Preparation by Robert Courchene
Framework for a New Vision
In the literature many definitions of culture exist from a wide range of
perspectives: anthropological, behavioral, cognitive, sociological, and phenomenological.
Rather than provide a series of representative definitions, I
present a summary of the characteristics of culture based on the work of
Damen (1986, pp. 88-89).
1. Culture is learned. If it can be learned, it can be taught and acquired.
2. Cultures and cultural patterns change. It is more important to learn about
how to learn a culture or adapt to these changes than to learn the "fact"
and "truths" of the moment.
3. Culture is a universal fact of human life. No human group or society is
without culture. Cultural patterns and themes are related to universal
human needs and conditions.
4. ....go to: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ526149.pdf
Teaching Canadian Culture: Pedagogical Issues
Providing K-Adult-ESL-classroom teachers with a list of entries under
Schein's (1985) six categories mentioned above or giving them a copy of the
new vision will not be sufficient to enable the teaching of culture in a
systematic way in the classroom. Many important questions must still be
1. How do we make all our students more conscious of culture and its role
in our lives?
2. How do we prepare teachers to teach this new cultural vision?
3. Whose culture, whose values, whose traditions do we select for presentation?
4. What weight do we give to different aspects of our culture? If we have
limited time, what do we choose from the bank of items?
5. What weight do we give to the new cultural paradigms? ...
go to: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ526149.pdf